Client: Ministry of Finance
Start / Finish Dates: March – June 2007
The project involved investigating the potential for application of an environmental charge, in line with the ‘Polluter Pays’ Principle, in relation to tourism. Two workable options were developed: an aircraft emissions charge related to pollution generated by aircraft whilst in Malta, and a charge related to accommodation. A model was used to estimate the emissions of each aircraft type, and a charge was set based on NOx and unburnt hydrocarbons. The accommodation charge was set based on requiring tourists to pay a charge related to their ecological footprint during their stay in Malta (included a charge on water and electricity use, and waste generated). Recommendations for the implementation and administration of each charge were also identified.
Keywords: environmental charges, ‘Polluter Pays’ Principle