Client: Malta Environment & Planning Authority
Start / Finish Dates: November 2005 – July 2006
The project was to facilitate the development of Malta’s National Biosafety Framework in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. The Framework was intended to be an umbrella policy framework for the establishment of a regulatory, administrative and decision-making system taking account of risk assessment and management, and for mechanisms for public participation and information. It was also intended to enable Malta to update and improve upon existing legislation, as well as establish the framework for monitoring, surveillance and enforcement measures.
The project involved:
- legislative / policy review, to identify relevant national legislation / policy and the amendments required and where there were gaps in legislation / policy;
- identification of public and private sector stakeholders,
- identification of experts in the field of transboundary movements of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), and of organisations working in the field of biotechnology, genetic, or molecular biology;
- identification of past, current, and ongoing capacity-building projects in relation to biosafety, and of information sources in relation to biosafety;
- describing the state of local use of certain antibiotics in veterinary and medical services;
- determination of the quantities of imports / exports of certain crops that could potentially exist as GMOs;
- description of enforcement practices and the formulation of a strategy to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Cartagena Protocol; and
- establishment of the ecological status of a number of crops, which may exist as GMOs, or which have the potential to hybridise with genetically modified crops.
Keywords: National Biosafety Framework, Cartagena Protocol, Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)